Döner kebab (Shawarma)
(Turkish: döner kebap or döner kebabı, literally "rotating roast", often abbreviated as döner, also spelled donair, donar, doner, or sometimes donner), is a Turkish dish made of lamb meat (mainly) cooked on a vertical spit and sliced off to order and served wrapped in bread with salad and a dressing.There are many variants in the composition of the meat, the ways of serving it, and the garnishes. Derived dishes include shawarma in Arabic and gyros in Greek, although ingredients and sauces differ. The English term kebab in some countries refers specifically to doner kebab.
It is believed that kebabs derive from an earlier time when nomadic tribesmen grilled meat on their swords. Before taking its modern aspect, as mentioned in Ottoman Travelbooks of the 18th century, the döner used to be a horizontal stack of meat rather than vertical, probably sharing common ancestors with the Cağ Kebabı of the Eastern Turkish province of Erzurum. In his own family Biography, İskender Efendi from the 19th century Bursa claims that "he and his grandfather had the idea of roasting the lamb vertically rather than horizontally, and invented for that purpose a vertical mangal" With time, the meat took a different marinade, got leaner, and eventually took its modern shape. The modern fast food doner was invented by Mahmut Aygun, a Turkish immigrant in Berlin, in 1971.